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How does Solar Panel Work? – Know the Science Behind Solar Energy Generation

How does Solar Panel Work? – Know the Science Behind Solar Energy Generation

Solar panels capture renewable energy in the form of sunlight and convert that light into electricity that can be used to generate power for diverse applications within a property. Using a solar panel system is a viable way to produce electricity, especially in off-grid areas where the electric utility grid isn’t serviced.

A solar panel system is significantly less expensive and can generate power for more than three decades if maintained properly. With global climate changes, it has become more crucial to take the best step forward to reduce pressure on the environment for the emission of greenhouse gases.

You might know solar photovoltaic (PV) panels transform sunlight into electricity, but don’t know the science behind it. At the end of this post, you will have a clear picture of how the solar panel system works. Let’s begin!

Basics of Solar Energy Generation and Transmission

  • Direct sunlight hits the solar panels and forms an electric field
  • The electricity drives flow to the edge of the panel and into the wiring
  • The wire brings the electricity to the inverter, wherein it is converted from DC to AC electricity, used to power properties
  • When the electricity flows through the meter, it pushes the meter to run backward, crediting excess power generation for a building

What are Solar Panels?

Solar panels, also called Solar PV panels are used to convert light directly from the sun, which is captured particles of energy known as photons used to power electrical loads. These can be used for a range of applications, such as remote power systems for cabins, remote sensing, telecommunication equipment, and electricity production by residential and commercial solar electric systems.

How does Solar Panel Work?

Solar PV panels consist of various small photovoltaic cells, which can convert sunlight into electricity. They are made of semi-conductive materials like silicon while ensuring the electrical imbalance required to build an electric field. When sunlight knocks the semiconductor in the PV cell, the energy from light is absorbed in the form of photons. 

The solar cell is made of positively and negatively charged semiconductors sandwiched together to make an electric field. Once the numerous loose electrons knock metal plates, the current is passed into wires, enabling the electrons to flow in any source of electric generation.

While solar panel system produces DC electricity, many users require AC electricity to power their properties and this is where inverter comes into play. The inverter serves the purpose of converting the electricity from DC to AC for everyday usage.

Installing solar panels seems a feasible choice to save money as well as contribute more to a sustainable way of living. At, we feature top-quality solar panels with a successful track record in solar energy generation and transmission. Reach out to us to know more about the solar panel system and make an informed decision.



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